Dot1q (802.1Q) is a tunneling protocol that encapsulates traffic from multiple customer (c-tag) VLANs in an additional single outer service provider (s-tag) VLAN for transit across a larger network structure that includes traffic from all customers. Tunneling eliminates the service provider requirement that every VLAN be configured from multiple customers, avoiding overlapping address space issues.

This feature provides a cli command showing the list of mac addresses which could not be learned due to hash collision in the hardware table. A hash collision occurs when two or more distinct pieces of data map to the same entry ( or slot ) in the hardware table. It can happen when the hash function used to calculate the index for a given mac address results in the already occupied index, resulting in failure of inserting the later mac address to the hardware table.